THE BROOKLYN & JAMAICA RAIL ROAD
THE LONG ISLAND RAIL ROAD
and ATLANTIC AVENUE PART ONE
ONE OF THE FIRST L. I. R. R. STATIONS WAS UNION COURSE (RACE TRACK WHICH HAD OPENED IN 1821)
THIS JUNE 1838 ARTICLE IMPLIES THAT STEAM MAY HAVE PULLED TRAINS BETWEEN HENRY STREET AND BEDFORD PRECEDED BY HORSE DRAWN CARS. OR THE TRAINS WERE PRECEDED BY HORSE DRAWN CARS FOR SOME DISTANCE EAST OF BEDFORD. A REGULAR HORSE CAR SERVICE WAS ESTABLISHED BETWEEN SOUTH FERRY AND BEDFORD. THE LOCOMOTIVES WERE DISGUISED TO RESEMBLE HORSE CARS - DUMMY ENGINES.
THIS IS THE FIRST ARRT HAS EVER READ OF THIS ENTIRE OPERATION.
ON OCTOBER 14, 1841 THE RAILROAD OPENED TO FARMINGDALE
THE ANNUAL REPORT FOR 1844 INFORMS US THAT: "....the entire line is opened, and has been in successful operation through its whole extent since the 29th day of July last."
"Upon the completion of the line immediate steps were taken to establish ferries, to form a connection with the Norwich and Stonington lines, and on the 9th of August last through trains were established to connect Boston and New York. Regular trains were established between Greenport and Brooklyn, and in November last arrangements were made with the Post Office Department and the stages running along the shores of the island, to form cross lines, intersecting the railroad at various points."
"The income of this road has been earned under many disadvantages. The incomplete state of the tunnel at Brooklyn, and non-arrival of the freight cars ordered for the line.....have all tended to keep down the revenue; and the income.....has far exceeded the anticipations of the Directors."
FROM THE BROOKLYN DAILY EAGLE
THURSDAY JULY 25, 1844: "We are gratified in being able to state that the road is finished through to Greenport, and that a trip over the whole route, by the President and Directors of the Company and their guests, will be made on Saturday next (July 27). We shall endeavor to make one of the party, and reserve our comments, therefore, for the present. The road will be open for travel on Monday (July 29)."
ON MONDAY JULY 29 THE EAGLE HAD A MULTI-COLUMN ARTICLE DESCRIBING THE "GRAND EXCURSION AND DINNER - THREE HOURS AND A HALF TO GREENPORT."
A TIMETABLE DATED JULY 26 AND APPEARING ON PAGE ONE STATES:
"COMPLETION AND OPENING OF THE ROAD TO GREENPORT. 96 MILES.
On and after Monday next, the 29th July, accomodation trains
for the local business of the island, will run as follows.....
Leave BROOKLYN at 3 P.M. every day (Sundays excepted) for GREENPORT.....
Returning, leave GREENPORT DEPOT for BROOKLYN at 5 A.M. .....
Light freight and packages taken by the passage train.
The above arrangement affords an opportunity for the residents of Sag Harbor and Greenport, and all other parts of the Island, to remain in New York five hours, and return home the same evening."
"Due notice will be given of the connection of the road with the Eastern lines to Boston."
ON JULY 29 THE SAME TIMETABLE IS MODIFIED:
"The 3 o'clock train from Brooklyn and the morning train from Greenport will discontinue the following stops, viz: East New York, Union Course, Brushville, Carll Place, and Westbury.
These stops will be made by the way train to and from Hicksville."
A TIMETABLE DATED AUGUST 8 AND APPEARING
ON PAGE THREE OF THE EAGLE FOR AUGUST 9 STATES:
"LONG ISLAND RAILROAD IN CONNECTION WITH BOSTON - THROUGH BY DAYLIGHT.
A train will leave the depot at Brooklyn on Friday, 9th of August, at 8 o'clock A.M. for Greenport, whence passengers will be taken to Stonington in the Sound steamer NARRAGANSETT, and proceed immediately to Boston. On the following day the steamer NEW HAVEN will carry passengers from Greenport to the Norwich and Worcester Railroad, and alternate in this manner until further notice. .....
"Baggage crates will go through to Boston unopened. Fare through, $4.50. Meals extra.
Rooms with seats for four persons, can be secured the evening
previous at an extra charge, as far as Greenport."
THE BROOKLYN DAILY EAGLE OF AUGUST 13 HAD THIS ARTICLE:
"The First Trip. - The new route to Boston was tried on Friday, and the whole
distance accomplished in 10 hours and 9 minutes. The following was the time through:
Time through. 10 hours and 9 minutes, of which 2 hours and 23 minutes were consumed in passing from Greenport to Stonington - an unusually dull pace, if the distance is only 28 miles."