ARRT'S    ARRCHIVES





Copyright © 2011   Arthur   John   Huneke
ALL   RIGHTS   RESERVED

UNION   COURSE   RACE   TRACK
  and  
THE   "CENTREVILLE   COURSE"


PAGE   NEW   JULY   8   2011

ONE   OF   THE   FIRST   L.   I.   R.   R.   STATIONS   WAS   UNION   COURSE
(RACE   TRACK   WHICH   HAD   OPENED   IN   1821)


UNION   COURSE   RACE   TRACK   WAS   LOCATED   ON   THE   LONG   ISLAND
RAIL   ROAD   EIGHT   MILES   EAST   OF   SOUTH   FERRY   BROOKLYN.




SIDNEY SCHAER'S ARTICLE IN NEWSDAY DISCLOSED AN ACCIDENT            
WHICH DISRUPTED SERVICE TO UNION COURSE ON MAY 3, 1836.            



WIKIPEDIA   ( WIKIPEDIA )   STATES THIS:

Later, Woodhaven became the site of two racetracks: the Union Course[7] (1821) and the Centerville (1825). There was a trotting course formed in 1825 at Centreville, a mile southeast of the Union course. Union Course was a nationally famous racetrack situated in the area now bounded by 78th Street, 82nd Street, Jamaica Avenue and Atlantic Avenue. The Union Course was the site of the first skinned or dirt racing surface, a curious novelty at the time. These courses were originally without grandstands. The custom of conducting a single, four-mile (6 km) race consisting of as many heats as were necessary to determine a winner, gave way to programs consisting of several races. Match races[8] between horses from the South against those from the North drew crowds as high as 70,000. Several hotels (including the Snedeker Hotel[9] and the Forschback Inn) were built in the area to accommodate the racing crowds.

FROM   THE   NEW   YORK   AMERICAN   APRIL   27,   1836


AS   EARLY   AS   MARCH   1837   UNION   COURSE   IS   SHOWN   AS   A   STOP.


AS   LATE   AS   JUNE   1837   UNION   COURSE   IS   SHOWN   AS   IS   "WYCKOFF'S   LANE"



THIS   SEPTEMBER   8,   1837   TIME   TABLE   SHOWS   "PENNSYLVANIA   AVENUE"
  -   AND   "CONNECTICUT   AVENUE"   INSTEAD   OF   UNION   COURSE.
1953   RESEARCH   BY   EDNA   HUNTINGTON,   LONG   ISLAND   HISTORICAL   SOCIETY
LIBRARIAN,   SHOWED   THAT   CONNECTICUT   AVENUE   BECAME   WOODHAVEN   BLVD.

ACTUALLY   IT   BECAME   FLUSHING   AVENUE,   TROTTING   COURSE   LANE,
WOODHAVEN   AVENUE   AND   THEN   WOODHAVEN   BOULEVARD.

THE   1873   COLTON   MAP   SHOWS   FLUSHING   AVENUE




A   MAY   5,   1838   AD   BY   JOHN   R.   PITKIN   INCLUDED   THIS   MAP   WHICH
SHOWS   WYCKOFF'S   LANE,   PENNSYLVANIA   AVENUE   AND   CONNECTICUT   AVENUE.









AND   MENTIONS   THE   STATION   AT   PENNSYLVANIA   AVENUE


THE   HISTORY   OF   QUEENS   COUNTY
with illustrations, Portraits & Sketches of Prominent Families and Individuals.
New York: W.W. Munsell & Co.; 1882. pp. 57-59
  STATES:


After the passing of an act by the Legislature allowing of trials of speed in Queens county for a term of years, during the months of May and October, horseracing was transferred to the Union course. In 1834 the time was extended for "years more, the racing to be between April 1st and June 5th and from September 1st to November 5th yearly". This course, over a mile in circuit, was on a level surface, with a nearly oval track. Connected with it was a jockey club of above 250 members, who contributed $20 each yearly to the "jockey club purses." This course was afterward owned by the "Union Association," capital $100,000, formed upon the act of the Legislature of August 2nd 1858. On May 10th 1842 there was another match for $20,000 a side on this course, between the Virginia horse "Boston," 9 years old, and carrying 126 pounds, and the New Jersey mare "Fashion," 5 years old, and carrying 111 pounds. "Fashion" won in two heats. From fifty to seventy thousand spectators were computed to be present, including a great many ladies.

ON   MAY   10,   1842   THERE   WAS   A   BIG   RACE   AND   VERY   SPECIAL   TRAIN   SERVICE
"..... and the attendance at the Course almost incredibly large - some say, 75,000."


FROM   THE     BROOKLYN   PUBLIC   LIBRARY'S   BROOKLYN   EAGLE   ON   LINE


   

FROM   THE    
NEW   YORK   PUBLIC   LIBRARY'S   OLD   LONG   ISLAND   MAPS   COLLECTION


THIS   1842   MAP   IDENTIFIES   THE   AREA   AS   "CENTREVILLE"           THIS   1843   MAP   SHOWS   BOTH   TRACKS                    
 

THIS   JUNE   10   1845   TIME   TABLE   SHOWS   "RACE   COURSE"   AND
"TROTTING   COURSE"   AT   THE   SAME   FARE,   18  3/4   CENTS.


THIS   JUNE   14   1845   AD   FOR   THE   "CENTREVILLE
COURSE"   IDENTIFIES   IT   AS   A   TROTTING   COURSE


THIS   1844   MAP   SHOWS   UNION   PLACE   AND                     AND   A   LATER   MAP   SHOWS   WOODHAVEN
                    WOODVILLE   (LATER   WOODHAVEN)
                     

WE   FIRST   SEE   WOODVILLE   IN   A   TIME   TABLE   IN   1848


WOODVILLE   IS   STILL   SHOWN   IN   1852   -   1853   AND   "CYPRESS
AVENUE"   APPEARS   AT   SEVEN   MILES   FROM   SOUTH   FERRY.


BY   APRIL   1859   IT   IS   WOODHAVEN


UNION   COURSE   RACE   TRACK





THE   UNION   COURSE   RACE   TRACK   RAILROAD   STATION


UNION     COURSE     1859



THE   1873   COLTON   MAP   SHOWS   THESE   STATIONS   BETWEEN   EAST   NEW   YORK   AND   JAMAICA  :   CYPRESS   AVENUE,   ADAMSVILLE,   UNIONVILLE,   WOODHAVEN,   CLARENCEVILLE   AND   BERLIN


THREE   IMAGES   FROM   1873   BEER'S   ATLAS   SHOW   THE   RACE   TRACKS




THE   BUILDING   SOUTH   OF   THE   RAILROAD   TRACKS   AND   WEST   OF
UNION   COURSE   RACE   TRACK   IS   UNDOUBTEDLY   UNIONVILLE   STATION


SEPTEMBER   24,   1939   LETTER   TO   A   NEWSPAPER
 


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